This area is mostly composed of Pliocene Furnace Creek Formation. The formation is rich in borate deposits, to which there are many small mines in the area. Gower Gulch is a rather special case, as in the late 1940’s, Furnace Creek was diverted into its drainage near Zabriske Point. The results of this have been most interesting. The Gower Gulch fan has been incised near its top, erosion within the canyon has greatly increased, and new sediments are being brought into the canyon. The rock near the mouth of the canyon are a part of the Artists Formation, more famous in the area along Artists Drive.